STRATEGIES OF SMALL ENTERPRISES DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

Tatyana Nikolaevna YAKUBOVA

Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

yakubova_tn@rudn.university

Boy Moustoifa SAGAFFE

PhD student, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 13, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Sagaffe15@gmail.com

Abstract

The article describes the basic concepts and classification icons/symbols of small enterprises. Small enterprises are defined by the author as irreplaceable drivers of economic development, which are a source of economic growth and a tool for resources redistribution. This study analyzes the current strategies of small enterprises development in African countries such as Morocco, SAR and Tunisia, which made it possible to formulate conclusions and recommendations.

Keywords: African country, SMEs, entrepreneurship, small enterprises development strategies, competitiveness
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STRATEGIES OF SMALL ENTERPRISES DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

Yakubova, Tatyana NIKOLAEVNA

Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

yakubova_tn@rudn.university

Sagaffe Boy MOUSTOIFA

PhD student, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 13, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Sagaffe15@gmail.com

Abstract

The article describes the basic concepts and classification icons/symbols of small enterprises. Small enterprises are defined by the author as irreplaceable drivers of economic development, which are a source of economic growth and a tool for resources redistribution. This study analyzes the current strategies of small enterprises development in African countries such as Morocco, SAR and Tunisia, which made it possible to formulate conclusions and recommendations.

Keywords: African country, SMEs, entrepreneurship, small enterprises development strategies, competitiveness.
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ESTIMATION OF REGION’S INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL BASED ON THE SYSTEM OF INDICATORS: CASE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Anna MALTSEVA

Candidate of Economic Sciences, Director of Lurye Scientific and Methodological Center for Higher School Innovative Activity, Tver State University, Tver,

80179@list.ru

Igor VESELOV

Candidate of chemical sciences, Senior researcher in Lurye Scientific and Methodological Center for Higher School Innovative Activity, Tver State University, Tver

igor.veselov@mail.ru

Evgeny BUKHVALD

Doctor of Economic Sciences, professor, Institute of Economics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

buchvald@mail.ru

Abstract

The paper presents an analytical review of modern sources on the issues of determining, classifying and evaluating a region’s intellectual capital. The study identified the most common approaches to intellectual capital assessment, which need to be adjusted taking into account the specificity of the statistical reporting of the Russian Federation, and also because of the need for detailing certain types of intellectual capital. The authors proposed their own approach to assessing a region’s intellectual capital using a system of indicators based on the calculation of the integral indicator tested on the example of the Russian Federation’s regions. The authors have compiled a map of the intensity of the intellectual capital of the Russian Federation’s regions, which is the basis for their comparison by the magnitude of the studied indicator, as well as benchmarking of the key areas of its development for outsider regions.

Keywords: intellectual capital, region, development, competitiveness, knowledge, knowledge economy

JEL classification: R19
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