MEASURING THE EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTIVITY CHANGE OF MUNICIPALITIES:EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM GREEK MUNICIPALITIES OVER THE TIME PERIOD 2013-2016

Ifigeneia-Dimitra POUGKAKIOTI

Ph.D. cand. University of Thessaly, Lamia, Greece

pougakioti.ifigenia@gmail.com

Constantinos TSAMADIAS

Emeritus Professor, School of Environment, Geography and Applied Economics Harokopio University, Athens, Greece

ctsamad@hua.gr

Abstract

This paper investigates the relative efficiency and productivity change of municipalities of Greece (regions of Thessaly and Central Greece), during the period 2013–2016. It implements Data Envelopment Analysis (D.E.A.) and Malmquist analysis. Additionally it estimates the effects of the environmental factors on the efficiency using Regression Analysis. The empirical analysis reveals that efficiency and productivity values have gradually improved after the latest reform of Local Government and under restrictive fiscal policy. Τhe average efficiency under constant or variable returns to scale is 0.772 and 0.878 respectively and the mean scale efficiency is 0.883. The total factor productivity has risen by an annual average of 3.3% relatively to the base year 2013. Environmental variables such as type of municipality and population density had a statistically significant positive effect on efficiency. The results of the empirical analysis are consistent to the findings from studies that concern European and other countries. The findings provide benchmarks for policy evaluation and suggestions for region-based approaches.

Keywords: Greek municipalities, efficiency, productivity, DEA, Malmquist analysis

JEL classification: C14, J48, P41, P43

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EFFICIENCY MEASUREMENT OF 6 MAJOR CONTAINER PORTS IN THE WEST AFRICA REGION

G. KONSTANTINIDIS

M.Sc. University of Piraeus

giannkonstant@gmail.com

T. PELAGIDIS

Professor, University of Piraeus & NR Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution, US. 21, Lambraki Ave., GR-18533

pelagidi@unipi.gr.

Abstract

Container terminal efficiency is a critical factor in the contemporary global trade. We apply the DEA and SFA methods to evaluate efficiency of 6 major ports in the West Africa region to investigate whether these ports can become the main hubs of container transport to African inland in the future. The DEA and SFA methods were applied to a number of inputs such as total quay length; total terminal area, number of quayside cranes, number of gantry cranes and number of reach stackers and single output, to measure efficiency.

Keywords: Transportation Economics, Ports, Efficiency, Sea Trade

JEL classification: R41, R11
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PRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY OF PORTUGUESE VINEYARD REGIONS

Ana MARTA-COSTA

Corresponding author. Assistant Professor. University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD) and Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD), Portugal, www.utad.pt

amarta@utad.pt

Vítor MARTINHO

Coordinator Professor. Agricultura School, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu, Portugal

vdmartinho@esav.ipv.pt.

Micael SANTOS

Research fellow. University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD) and Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD)

micaels@utad.pt

Abstract

The overall globalization in wine industry and the search for sustainability of the sector has increased competition which highlights the importance of productivity gains. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the productive efficiency of the viticulture sector for the Portuguese regions, over the period 1989 to 2007, with data from the EUFADN, using both a deterministic and stochastic approach. The results show an increase of Technical Efficiency (TE) when used the stochastic frontiers analysis (SFA) in all regions, while the data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach through the Malmquist index reveals a stabilization of TE.

Keywords: Efficiency, productivity, Portuguese regions, viticulture.

JEL classification: C6, Q1

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