GROSS JOB – CREATION AND GROSS JOB – DESTRUCTION DETERMINANTS: EMPIRICAL ANALYSE AT MICRO FIRMS DATA LEVEL

Tadeu LEONARDO

Faculty of Economy – Univercity Jos´e Eduardo dos Santos UJES-Angola

tad.eufeca@hotmail.com

Francisco DINIZ

Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD); Quinta dos Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal, http://www.cetrad.info/

fdiniz@utad.pt

Abstract

This study analyses gross job-creation and gross job-destruction determinants at the firm level for a panel of Portuguese micro firms across four industry sectors, using the Ordinary Leat Square and Fixed Effect econometrics model to analyse a database consisting on 15.686 micro firms, for time period going from 2010 to 2017. It was found that laggard gross job-creation, assets tangibility, financial leverage, profits and the fact firms belong to the construction sector determines gross job-creation. Regarding gross job-destruction,  its was found that this variable is determined by its laggard variable, firm’s size, worker’s tenure and the fact the firm belongs to the hotels and restaurants sector. Finally, findings suggest that a resource-based approach explains gross job-creation and gross job-creation for micro firms by using microdata. This study contributes to the state of the art on the determinants of employment and firing at micro firms’ level as it investigates the importance of the independent variables in explaining micro firm’s labour demand in Portugal.

Keywords: Gross job-creation, gross job-destruction, micro firms, Portugal

JEL classification: M10, O14, O18, O44

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DETECTION OF FIRMS´ CLUSTERING BY LOCAL SCALING

Ilona BERKOVÁ

University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Faculty of Economics

berkova@ef.jcu.cz

Tomáš MRKVIČKA

University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Faculty of Economics

mrkvicka@ef.jcu.cz

Renata KLUFOVÁ

University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Faculty of Economics

klufova@ef.jcu.cz

Radim REMEŠ

University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Faculty of Economics

remes@ef.jcu.cz

Abstract

The paper analyses locations of headquarters of companies and their interactions by inhomogeneous point process, especially local scaling principles, because companies choose their locations according to the number of the local population. Relationships of the companies within economic sectors are studied using the analysis of locally scaled L function. The inhomogeneity was modelled using the local population, then the company’s size was included. Lastly the level of clustering in each sector was computed. The companies are located in three regions in the Czech Republic. It was found out that the companies tend to cluster when the population or the companies’ size is taken into account.

Keywords: Inhomogeneous point process, L-function, Global envelope test, Spatial clusters, Agglomeration

JEL classification: C21, L60, O18, R12

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DOES QUALITY OF LIFE MATTER FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN INDONESIA?

Ery JAYANTI

Ph.D. Scholar in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Senior Lecturer, Universitas Jabal Ghafur, Sigli, Aceh, Indonesia

ery_jayanti@yahoo.com

Said MUHAMMAD

Professor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia

said@unsyiah.ac.id

B.S NAZAMUDDIN

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia

abdjamal@unsyiah.ac.id nazamuddin@unsyiah.ac.id

T. ZULHAM

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia

teukuzulham@unsyiah.ac.id

M. Shabri Abd. MAJID*

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia

mshabri@unsyiah.ac.id

*Corresponding author

Abstract

To ensure its sustainable development, although it is not legally binding, Indonesia have strongly committed to support the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that have been initiated by the General Assembly of the United Nations since 2015 with the main targets to end poverty, safeguard the planet, and guarantee the peaceful and prosperous lives of all citizens on the globe in 2030. Amidst the strong commitment of the Indonesian government to include the SDGs’ framework in its development agenda, this study empirically examines the extent to which the quality of life has contributed towards achieving the SDGs in Indonesia. Specifically, this study attempts to explore the effect of quality of life on the reduction of poverty and hunger and the increase of access to clean water of the Indonesian across 33 provinces in the country over the period 2010-2017. Using the panel multiple regression approach, the study documented significant positive effects of the income level, tertiary education level, and formal employment status on the reduction on the poverty and hunger index. Additionally, both the tertiary level of education and income positively contributed to the increase in clean water access. These findings shed some lights for the policy-makers to design proper policies for achieving the SDGs agenda through enhancing the citizens’ quality of life so that the target of realizing “Zero Goals” where all Indonesian living without poverty and having sufficient access to clean water could be materialized.

Keywords: Sustainable development goals, Poverty, Hunger index, Clean water access.

JEL classification: I31, I39, O18

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