Higher Hellenic Military Academy
Department of Economic and Regional Development, Panteion University
Department of Sociology, University of the Aegean
Director of General Directorate of Tertiary Education, Ministry of Education, Greece
The spectrum of implemented instruments of research, technology and innovation policy is widely differentiated nowadays, reflecting the scope of institutions and interests involved, stretching from public funding of research institutions over various forms of financial incentives to the conducting of research and experimental development, including the institutions and mechanisms of technology transfer. In many European countries, these instruments dominated the practice or research and technology policy for the last three decades. This paper focuses on the analysis of these topics, focusing on the institutional context in European Union.
Keywords: Productive Efficiency, Innovation and Industrial Policy, Supply Chain Management