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GROSS JOB – CREATION AND GROSS JOB – DESTRUCTION DETERMINANTS: EMPIRICAL ANALYSE AT MICRO FIRMS DATA LEVEL

Tadeu LEONARDO

Faculty of Economy – Univercity Jos´e Eduardo dos Santos UJES-Angola

tad.eufeca@hotmail.com

Francisco DINIZ

Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD); Quinta dos Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal, http://www.cetrad.info/

fdiniz@utad.pt

Abstract

This study analyses gross job-creation and gross job-destruction determinants at the firm level for a panel of Portuguese micro firms across four industry sectors, using the Ordinary Leat Square and Fixed Effect econometrics model to analyse a database consisting on 15.686 micro firms, for time period going from 2010 to 2017. It was found that laggard gross job-creation, assets tangibility, financial leverage, profits and the fact firms belong to the construction sector determines gross job-creation. Regarding gross job-destruction,  its was found that this variable is determined by its laggard variable, firm’s size, worker’s tenure and the fact the firm belongs to the hotels and restaurants sector. Finally, findings suggest that a resource-based approach explains gross job-creation and gross job-creation for micro firms by using microdata. This study contributes to the state of the art on the determinants of employment and firing at micro firms’ level as it investigates the importance of the independent variables in explaining micro firm’s labour demand in Portugal.

Keywords: Gross job-creation, gross job-destruction, micro firms, Portugal

JEL classification: M10, O14, O18, O44

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DEVELOPMENT AND SOLIDARITY ECONOMY STRATEGIES IN BRAZIL: CASE STUDIES

Kátia SANTOS

PhD. University of the State of Amapa/Researcher of the Study Group on Educational Policy and Management, Brazil

katia.santos@ueap.edu.br

Hermínia GONÇALVES

PhD. Assistant Professor at Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), and Senior researcher at Centre for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD), Vila Real, Portugal

hgoncalves@utad.pt

Teresa SEQUEIRA

PhD. Assistant Professor at Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), and Senior researcher at CETRAD, Vila Real, Portugal

tsequeir@utad.pt

Francisco DINIZ

PhD. Associate Professor with Abilitation retired from UTAD, and Senior researcher at CETRAD, Vila Real, Portugal

fdiniz@utad.pt

Abstract

The solidarity economy is guided by the guidelines of sustainable development, presenting the principles of self-management (as a mechanism for valuing freedom), equality between members and the exaltation of solidarity. This article aimed to analyze the development of income generating activities based on solidarity economy strategies, explaining individual and territorial impacts in the State of Amapá, located in the extreme north of Brazil, in order to show the main state development policies adopted. We used a qualitative research, with the selection of four projects for case studies, in order to measure the main advances and challenges that are required in the segment, as well as the impacts of the development policies to the solidarity economy in the projects studied. This study identified the need for restructuring in the formats of management policies of government agencies, which should operate in a harmonious and articulated way, but rather act in isolation and without effective communication between them, impairing the quality and result of the services offered. With regard to the impacts of the solidarity economy for the enterprises, it was verified that the activities investigated achieved financial return, which could be substantially intensified, if there was a better structuring in the development policies.

Keywords: Development, Solidary Economy, Public policy, State of Amapá

JEL classification: R58, L31, I38
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